Texas law distinguishes between different degrees of crimes involving theft of property. Two of the major distinctions involve robbery and burglary.
Robbery is covered under Section 29.02 of the Penal Code. A person commits robbery if:
- In the course of committing theft as defined in Chapter 31 and with intent to obtain or maintain control of the property, he:
- Intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another; or
- Intentionally or knowingly threatens or places another in fear of imminent bodily injury or death.
A person commits aggravated robbery if during the commission of the crime, he causes serious bodily harm to his victim, uses or displays a weapon or threatens or causes harm to a person who is disabled or over age 65.
Burglary is covered under Section 30.02 of the Texas Penal Code. According to state law, burglary occurs if:
- Without the effective consent of the owner, the person:
- Enters a habitation, or a building (or any portion
of a building) not then open to the public, with intent to commit a
felony, theft, or an assault; or
- Remains concealed, with intent to commit a felony,
theft, or an assault, in a building or habitation; or
- Enters a building or habitation and commits or attempts to commit a felony, theft, or an assault.
“Entering” involves the use of any part of your body or another physical object to gain access to a building, home or other structure.
Theft can refer to the physical appropriation of property or other assets or the use of fraudulent means to obtain property, such as check or credit card fraud, forgery, extortion, identity theft or embezzlement.